Lao She (1899 – 1966) with a life of 67 years old was the leading writer of Beijing Literature School. His original name was Shu Qingchun and he was a Manchu person. In 1899, Lao She was born at a poor Manchu family of Xiaoyangquan Hutong, which currently is named Xiaoyangjia Hutong, in the west of Beijing. Lao She was the famous modern writer and outstanding lingual master. He was crowned to be the People’s Artist.
In 1913, Lao She succeeded in entering Beijing Normal School and graduated in 1918. He acted the headmaster of primary school. During the blooming period of May-Fourth New Cultural Movement, he was indulged into the literature creation and he had a cool detachment to the anti-traditionalism and anti-Confucianism. In 1922, he served as the teaching staff of Nankai Senior School. And in 1924, he went to United Kingdoms, and acted as a teacher of Oriental School in University of London. At free time of teaching, he read a large amount of foreign literature works and the formally began his writing career. Afterwards, he successively released three satire novels of Philosophy of Lao Zhang, Said Zhao Zi and Erma about civil life. In 1926, Lao She participated into Literature Research Institute and in 1929 he came back to China. In 1930, Lao She acted as the associate professor of Literature College of Qilu University in Jinan and he also engaged in the edit job of Qilu Monthly. In 1934, he worked as literature professor of China in Shandong University of Qingdao. During the time of anti-Japanese outbreak，He ran the job of All-China Anti-Japanese Association of Circle of Literature and Art. In March, 1946, he was invited to take lessons in America by American State Department. After time over, he stayed in American for writing. In 1949, he returned to Beijing and served as the standing member of CPPCC and the vice president of Chinese Writers Association and so on. In 1966, he committed suicide.
His representative masterpieces:
Luotuo Xiangzi (Rickshaw Bod),
Sishi Tongtang (Four Generations in a Family)
Longxugou (Dragon-Moustache Channel)
In 1968, Lao She was the Nobel Prize Winner of Literature after his pass-away
In 1968, Lao She won the Nobel Prize of Literature. But today few people learnt about this message. China as a literature-flourish country hasn’t had any Nobel Prize winner, and beside the political prejudice, the major reason is that our literature masterpieces are few translated into foreign version. At the time, Lao She had the largest number of translated masterpieces, even including the Sweden’s version. In 1968, Lao She was nominated in the final five nominators. And in the secret voting, Lao She was ranked the first place. However, at that time, China entered the summit of Culture Revolution, and Lao She also was said to die. Sweden Ambassador to China tried to search for the information of Lao She and also turned to other countries to take an investigation. Chinese government did not give any response, so then the authorities of Sweden ensured Lao She had died. The committee of Nobel Prize reassessed the other four nominators, and one principle was the winner should be from east. So the result of the assessment was that Kawabata Yasunari from Japan won the prize at last.
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